Robinwood, Germany (Brandenburg)
In charge of the Component: Energy
Area: 29,476 km2
Population: about 2,600,000
The largest of the new German Länder is a region rich both in forest resources and in water. Two certification systems are currently in use: 337,851 ha are certified under the PEFC (Program for the endorsement of Forest Certification schemes), and 19,945 ha are certified under the FSC (Forest Stewardship Council). It has innovative plans for the development of new biomass energy sources.
Contact person: Mr. Michael Egidius Luthardt
Brandenburg is in the north-east of Germany, surrounding Berlin. It is the largest of the new German Lander at 29,476 km2. The population is over two and a half million. Forests cover 1.1 million hectares, 37% of the land,and are mainly conifer. It is the most forested region of Germany.
The timber industry is important to the economy of the region. There are over 40 industries connected with the wood supply chain which generate a turnover of 832.5 million Euro and employ over 4,000 workers. 85% of the total volume of traded timber is Scotch Pine.
Hurricane Lothar which struck at the end of 1999, had a devastating effect on the forest area, causing damage to millions of trees and affecting the wood market in Brandenburg in particular, where many undertakings have run into debt.
Besides being the most used energy source, biomass is also the energy source with the greatest potential. Brandenburg can boast water resources richer than any other German land. However its hydrogeological resources have undergone substantial changes in the latest years. The water-bearing layers have seen a reduction in the last 30 years from 1 to 3 cm per year, and river outflow a 2.5% decrease each year, which means a 50% reduction in a 20-year period.
Two certification systems are currently used: 337,851 ha are certified under the PEFC (Program for the endorsement of Forest Certification schemes) and 19,945 ha are certified under the FSC (Forest Stewardship Council).