Component: Forestry Management
Area: 20,750 km2
With temperate winters and humid summers, Wales has an excellent climate for growing trees. The country is beginning to realise the potential of forest biomass for the generation of renewable energy.
Wales is leading the way with certification, all of the publicly owned forests are certified. With high average rainfall, forests also have a part to play in resolving hydrogeological problems.
Contact: Mr. Kim Burnham
Web Site http://www.forestry.gov.uk/wales
Wales (Cymru in the Welsh language) is an autonomous nation with its own language which is part of Great Britain. With Cardiff as its capital, the country's land area is 20,750 km2 and the population is just over three million. In the northern upland area population density is just 10 inhab/Km². However, 75% of the population is concentrated in the southern industrial areas.
There are a number of areas of high environmental value including Snowdonia, the second largest national park of Great Britain, where the highest mountains of the country are located, as well as several lakes and rivers, moorlands and sandy coasts. The total forest area is 285 thousand hectares most of which is conifer.
The country's timber market is already developed, but there are substantial opportunities for its enlargement by improving the wood supply chain.
Wales is also endeavouring to use its forest potential for the generation of renewable energy from forest biomass.
The forestry sector has a turnover exceeding 2.4 billion Euro per year.
The number of companies directly involved in this sector is about 1,750, with another 1,500 industries in the secondary processing sector. In total, the forestry sector employs about 4,000 people.
The development and management of the nation's forest heritage is a priority, with a new priority of using trees and forests to help reduce flooding in mountain areas and along lowland water streams.